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Inside this Book – We are all similar in many ways. With few exceptions, we stand on two feet, we have eyes in the front of our heads that allow us to see in three dimensions and, most amazingly, we learn to speak. But we are also obviously different – physically, physiologically and psychologically. Blueprint is about what makes us different psychologically. Psychologists study hundreds of traits, which is their collective label for differences between us that are consistent across time and across situations. These traits include dimensions of personality, such as emotionality and energy level, and traits that are traditionally assessed as either-or disorders, for instance depression and schizophrenia. They also include cognitive traits such as general learning ability, often called intelligence, and specific mental abilities such as vocabulary and memory, as well as disabilities in these traits.
Inside this book –Blueprint How DNA Makes Us Who We Are PDF Book by Robert Plomin – In order to grasp the significance of the DNA revolution and how DNA makes us who we are, it is important to understand a few basic facts about the blueprint for life. I’m sorry, therefore, if this chapter occasionally seems like a biology lesson, but it only describes the essentials needed for DNA literacy, especially in relation to understanding the DNA revolution as it affects psychology. The single most important thing to know is that DNA consists of dumb molecules that blindly obey the laws of chemistry. Together, these molecules, which are the same in each of our trillions of cells, produce life in all its amazing complexity. In 1866 Gregor Mendel showed how heredity works functionally. Mendel carefully fertilized thousands of pea plants over many years in the garden of his monastery in what is now the Czech Republic. On the basis of his many experiments with traits such as whether the seed had smooth or wrinkled skin, Mendel concluded that there are two ‘elements’ of heredity for each trait in each individual and that offspring receive one of these two elements from each parent. Until the 1950s it was still a mystery as to what these ‘elements’ were. In 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick described the famous double-helix structure of DNA, which beautifully filled the bill for Mendel’s elements. The double helix consists of two strands coiled around each other.
Blueprint How DNA Makes Us Who We Are by Robert Plomin PDF : eBook Information
- Full Book Name – Blueprint How DNA Makes Us Who We Are
- Author of this Book – Robert Plomin
- Language – English
- Book Genre – Non-Fiction, Biology, Evolution, Genetics, Psychology
- Download Format – PDF
- Size – 2.2 MB
- eBook Pages – 245
- Price – Free